the three main body segments of an insect; it is the region
in the rear.
of leaves one at a time along a stem at the nodes.
Annual— Plant that
completes its life cycle within a single growing season—from
seed to bloom to seed.
totality of genes, species, and ecosystems in a region
or in the world.
outer part of a flower that envelops the bud.
of branches and foliage in the tops (crowns) of trees;
the "roof" of a forest.
Cat scratch disease—A
disease caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae,
spread primarily through bites or scratches by infected
cats; may cause mild infection at the point of injury
and swollen lymph nodes.
outer covering of a pupa that houses a developing butterfly;
similar to a cocoon.
of eggs laid by a female bird in one nesting attempt.
leaf that is made up of a bunch of smaller leaves called
joined at their bases and resembling one leaf.
or tree that loses some or all of its leaves seasonally.
and feeding during the day.
and interrelating complex of plant and animal communities
and their associated nonliving (e.g. physical and chemical)
of the brain, usually caused by viral infections.
provided to an animal or plant in danger of extinction
within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant
portion of its range.
or trees that retain their leaves year-round.
species that is not native to an area; usually describes
plants or animals that have been intentionally or inadvertently
introduced from another state or country.
that no longer survives in regions that were once part
of its native range.
do with animal feces or droppings.
of birds leaving the nest or nest cavity after reaching
a certain stage of maturity.
front set of wings on a butterfly or moth.
a tree by severing or damaging the cambium (layer of living
tissue between bark and wood) and interrupting the flow
of nutrients between the leaves and the rest of the tree.
found in certain plants, often poisonous to animals.
used to kill certain plants, usually weeds.
Hind wing—The back
set of wings on a butterfly or moth.
caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum; symptoms
vary greatly, but the disease primarily affects the lungs.
much longer than wide; wider at base and tapered at tip.
Larvae (plural of larva)—In
metamorphic insects, the immature, wingless, and often
worm-like stage that hatches from an egg, grows, and is
finally transformed into a pupa or chrysalis from which
the adult emerges.
a compound leaf. Each leaflet looks like a small leaf.
part of a leaf.
Lobed—A leaf with
deeply rounded edges.
occurring in the region where it is found.
of plant that grows wild in a specific geographic region
that it was not previously native to. Sometimes refers
to a species that has been in a region so long that it
is thought of as native, i.e., Queen Anne's lace.
Nitrogen-fixing root nodule—Enlarged
or swollen part of a plant that can use bacteria to take
nitrogen from the air and store it.
and feeding at night.
of attachment of leaves or buds on a stem.
stage of insect species that undergo a partial metamorphosis;
similar to the adult except that wings are not fully developed.
that arise from a single node on either side of a stem.
plant selected for the beauty of its foliage, berries,
successfully utilize the resources shared by other species,
often resulting in displacement of those species.
Ovate—A leaf with
an oval or egg shape, slightly wider at the bottom near
agent such as a virus or bacteria.
substance such as an insecticide or fungicide that kills
harmful organisms and is used to control pests such as
certain insects, weeds, or microorganisms.
insect, a tube-like mouth part used for feeding.
stage between juvenile and adult forms of an insect; in
butterflies, the pupa is encased by a chrysalis. In mosquitoes,
unlike in other insects, this stage is very active.
included on the federal endangered and threatened lists
whose populations are limited enough to make them rare
in North Carolina.
Rare and Local—A
species that is either very rare or local throughout its
range (21-100 occurrences or fewer than 10,000 individuals)
or found locally in a restricted range or vulnerable to
extinction from other factors.
underground stem that roots at the nodes.
stored in the root of a plant.
Runner—A stem that
grows flat along the top of the ground.
species of special concern is any species of plant in
North Carolina that requires monitoring but that may be
collected and sold under regulations adopted under the
provisions of the Plant Protection and Conservation Act
(N.C. Natural Heritage Program definition).
the portion of the body between the head and abdomen to
which the legs and/or wings are attached.
disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii; may
cause swollen glands, muscle aches, and flu-like symptoms.
that transports a pathogen or a disease-causing agent.
Vine—A plant with
a climbing or creeping stem.
West Nile virus—A
disease primarily spread through the bite of an infected
mosquito that affects the central nervous system in humans
and animals. Mosquitoes are carriers that become infected
when they feed on infected birds.